Tertiary butylhydroquinone, abbreviated as TBHQ, was approved as a food additive by the US FDA in 1972 and later by other countries around the world. It was approved for use in China in 1991. Enterprises producing tert butyl hydroquinone both domestically and internationally include Guangdong Food Industry Research Institute,As a food additive, TBHQ has been used in more than 20 countries such as the United States. In 1992, China was approved for use in oil and fat containing foods, dried fish products, biscuits, instant noodles, canned oil containing foods, pickled meat products, etc.It is the most effective antioxidant for most oils, especially vegetable oils. T-butylhydroquinone, abbreviated as TBHQ, has a molecular formula of Cl0H1402 and a molecular weight of 166.22.

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In the United States and China, the maximum allowable dosage of TBHQ in food is 200ppm,At present, the production of tert butyl hydroquinone both domestically and internationally adopts the tert butylation method of hydroquinone, as shown in Figure 2. According to different classifications of alkylation reagents.


Both domestic and foreign patent literature have reported this process, such as using toluene or xylene as solvents, the selectivity and yield of this reaction are relatively ideal. In addition, strong acidic ion exchange resins such as D001 and Amberlyst 35, solid acids [5], zeolites [6], and ionic liquids [7] can also be used as catalysts for this reaction, but their catalytic activity is not ideal.

Hydroquinone 4 Percent

Patent [10] discloses a method for preparing 2-tert butylhydroquinone and co producing BHA using isobutene as an alkylation reagent, which has good selectivity and high raw material utilization rate.

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